ATP production in the citric acid cycle is variable and dependent on many factors.
ATP is produced in citric acid cycle, but the amount depends on the intensity of the exercise. Some research suggests that citric acid cycle may produce 30 to 40 ATP molecules per second, but other studies have found that the production may be as high as 90 ATP molecules per second.
How Many ATP Molecules Are Produced In The Citric Acid Cycle?
ATP is not produced in the citric acid cycle.
The citric acid cycle is at the heart of aerobic metabolism and is responsible for the production of ATP, the energy currency of the cell. But
How many ATP molecules are produced in the citric acid cycle?
The answer lies in the number of electrons that are transferred in the cycle. For each electron that is transferred, one ATP molecule is produced.
How many electrons are transferred in the citric acid cycle?
Well, there are four electron carriers in the cycle:
3. Coenzyme A
NADH and FADH2 each transfer two electrons, while Coenzyme A and Succinate each transfer one electron. This means that a total of eight electrons are transferred in the citric acid cycle.
This means that the citric acid cycle produces eight ATP molecules.
This is just a small part of aerobic metabolism, however. The electron transport chain, which is the final step of aerobic metabolism, produces an additional 34 ATP molecules.
In total, then, aerobic metabolism produces 42 ATP molecules.
What Is The Maximum Amount Of ATP That Can Be Produced In The Citric Acid Cycle?
The maximum amount of ATP that can be produced in the citric acid cycle is 38 ATP.
The citric acid cycle is a key metabolic pathway that produces ATP, the energy currency of cells. The cycle starts with the condensation of acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate to form citrate. The citrate is then oxidized to form isocitrate, which is further oxidized to form α-ketoglutarate. This reaction produces NADH, which is used in the electron transport chain to generate ATP. The α-ketoglutarate is then decarboxylated to form succinyl-CoA, which is used in the synthesis of porphyrins, heme, and other biomolecules. The cycle ends with the regeneration of oxaloacetate, which can be used to start the cycle again.
ATP is produced in the citric acid cycle through the oxidation of isocitrate and α-ketoglutarate. These reactions produce NADH, which is used in the electron transport chain to generate ATP. The maximum amount of ATP that can be produced in the citric acid cycle is four molecules per cycle.
Hopefully, you are clear on the citric acid cycle now. If you still have any questions, feel free to comment below.